Source: The Time of India.
Rustom Khurshedji Karanjia Born into a prosperous Parsi family, Karanjia was the star reporter at The Times of India when it was British-owned. He left when the paper chose Frank Moraes to be its first Indian editor (Karanjia wanted the job) and started Blitz during World War II as a pro-war effort weekly tabloid. As the war wound down, Blitz changed track, identifying itself closely (...)
Source/ The Armenian Weekly.
On Thurs., May 30, Dr. James R. Russell, Mashtots Professor of Armenian Studies at Harvard University, will give an illustrated lecture entitled, “The Animal Style in Art: From Scythia to Aghtamar to Modern Russian Literature,” at the National Association for Armenian Studies and Research (NAASR) in Belmont. The lecture will be given in honour of the 90th birthday of Prof. Nina G. (...)
Himmler and Franco In Madrid, October 1940.
Britain paid millions of pounds to military and political leaders in Spain to ensure they remained neutral during the Second World War, secret files reveal. Some $10 million was paid to one double agent alone to distribute to key individuals, including General Franco’s brother Nicholas, in the hope they would not enter the conflict.
But despite (...)
Source: University of Bristol.
Sebastian Cabot Sebastian Cabot was born to Giovanni Caboto (John Cabot), also an explorer variously credited with Genoese or Gaetan origins, and Mattea. He told Englishman Richard Eden that he was born in Bristol and carried to Venice at four years of age; however, he also told Gasparo Contarini, the Venetian ambassador at the court of Charles V that he was Venetian, educated in (...)
Thousands of documents detailing some of the most shameful acts and crimes committed during the final years of the British empire were systematically destroyed to prevent them falling into the hands of post-independence governments, an official review has concluded.
Those papers that survived the purge were flown discreetly to Britain where they were hidden for 50 years in a secret Foreign (...)
Traditionally the Hanging Garden of Babylon were said to have been built in the ancient city of Babylon, near present-day Hillah, Babil (بابل) province, in Iraq. The Babylonian priest Berossus, writing in about 290 BC and quoted later by Josephus, attributed the gardens to the Neo-Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II, who ruled between 605 and 562 BC. One legend says that the Hanging Gardens of Babylon were created by (...)
کتیبۀ سفالی، گزارش جنگ هشتم سارگون دوّم با اوراتو (۷۱۴ پ.م.)
نوشتۀ حاضر چکیده و فشردۀ مطالب و نتایج صدها نوشتار دیگر است که شرح و بسط آنها در ١٠ کتاب گردآوری شده. این نوشتهها ناآگاهانه نظریۀ هرتل و هرتسفلد را که زرتشت سپیتمان را معاصر کوروش هخامنشی می داند و پسرخواندۀ وی بشمار می آورد، تأیید و تکمیل می کند. چون نتیجگیریها را بیشتر خود از راه تطابق دو منبع تاریخ مدوّن و تاریخ اساطیری بدست آورده ام، لذا غالباً برای روانی و سلاست گفتار، از ذکر همزمانِ منبع چشمپوشی (...)
Wolfram Grajetzki has participated in excavations in Egypt and Pakistan and has taught Egyptology at Humboldt University, Berlin.
Palmyra Gate in the defensive walls of Doura Europos Doura Europos has served as a military colony, a fortress and a caravan city, and still offers great views over the Euphrates river to the present-day visitor.
The coming of the Parthians changed Mesopotamia even less than the (...)
At the same time Alexander’s views of empire are investigated, his attitude to his subjects, and the development of his concepts of personal divinity and universal monarchy. Analogies are thus drawn with the Spanish conquest of Mexico, which has a comparable historiographical tradition and parallels many of Alexander’s dealings with his subjects. Although of concern to the specialist, this book is equally directed (...)
کوشش ارزندهای که آرمانی بنيادين دارد. آرمان و هدفِ به راه خردگرائی رهنمون شدن مردمان کشور و یا کشورهای سرزمینهای پهناور ایران، که بنا به خواست دشمن، زبان مادریشان داشت به فراموشی سپرده می شد.
مردمان پشتۀ ايران، از هر تيره و تباری، زبان پارسی را چون زبانی ملی و همگانی برگزیده بودند و به ياری آن به آسانی می توانستند از تاريکی چند سدهای بيرون بيايند و به گلستان فرهنگی خود از دريچۀ شاهکاری نوين که همان شاهنامۀ فردوسی باشد، به نيکی بنگرند و بار برگيرند.
پی بردن به (...)
Given our intimate familiarity with this hoary tale, it is remarkable how mistaken is our understanding of its origins. Common wisdom considers the legend of King Arthur to be English to the core, while scholarly tomes analyze its presumed Celtic roots. To the average person, it would seem preposterous to assert that the Arthurian cycle is fundamentally Scythian. In the first place, only the tiniest fraction of (...)
The History of Atashgah is rooted in the time of the Sassanid’s, when Zoroastrianism was the dominant religion in this region. But in 643 there was the turning point: the territory of the Caucasus was invaded by the army of the Arab Caliphate, which brought Islam to this region. Fire temples fell into decay. Some Zoroastrians, who did not accept Islam, eventually had to go to India, where the (...)
This shared ideal, while often generating conflict during the four centuries of the empires’ coexistence (224-642), also drove exchange, especially the means and methods Roman and Persian sovereigns used to project their notions of universal rule: elaborate systems of ritual and their cultures’ visual, architectural, and urban environments.
The Roman-Persian Wars have been characterized as “futile” and both too (...)
نقطۀ عطفِ تاریخِ عقبماندگی به تاریخِ نوینِ ایران، روز سوّم اسفند ماه ۱۲۹۹ خورشیدی است که سرآغاز انقراض حکومت قبیلهای و ملوکالطوایفی قارجاریه و تولد سلسلۀ مدرن پهلوی در ایران را سبب شد. از این روز و تاریخ است که کشور ایران تکانی از رخوت و از خودبیگانگی که همۀ جان و جهان و خردش را فرا گرفته بود، به خود می دهد و پای در جادۀ ترقی و پیشرفت می گذارد. دیوارهای کهنه و پوسیده را فرو می ریزد و جای آن، شالودههای بنای نوین را در عرصههای گوناگون اجتماعی پایهگذاری می کند. (...)