Source: University of Bristol.
Sebastian Cabot Sebastian Cabot was born to Giovanni Caboto (John Cabot), also an explorer variously credited with Genoese or Gaetan origins, and Mattea. He told Englishman Richard Eden that he was born in Bristol and carried to Venice at four years of age; however, he also told Gasparo Contarini, the Venetian ambassador at the court of Charles V that he was Venetian, educated in (...)
Thousands of documents detailing some of the most shameful acts and crimes committed during the final years of the British empire were systematically destroyed to prevent them falling into the hands of post-independence governments, an official review has concluded.
Those papers that survived the purge were flown discreetly to Britain where they were hidden for 50 years in a secret Foreign (...)
Source: Arab News.
The Description de l’Égypte was a series of publications, appearing first in 1809 and continuing until the final volume appeared in 1829, which offered a comprehensive scientific description of ancient and modern Egypt as well as its natural history. It is the collaborative work of about 160 civilian scholars and scientists, known popularly as the savants, who accompanied Napoleon’s (...)
Tajikistan has published the first volume of its first national encyclopaedia, a joint effort of the Tajik government and Academy of Sciences, Bahador Rahmatov (بهادر رحمتف), the encyclopaedia’s deputy editor-in-chief, said November 18.
The encyclopaedia is larger than the Soviet Tajik Encyclopaedia, Rahmatov said, adding the first volume covers subjects beginning with the letters A-Ga.
Sixty-two government-approved (...)
Source: The Atlantic.
After three years, Google announced today that it would shutter its ongoing quest to scan and archive printed newspapers. Google’s News Archive, which has scanned nearly a million pages from 2,000 newspapers into an easily browsable database since 2008, was among the most ambitious attempts to record and archive newspapers in their printed form. While Journalism.net keeps a running list of (...)
Wolfram Grajetzki has participated in excavations in Egypt and Pakistan and has taught Egyptology at Humboldt University, Berlin.
Palmyra Gate in the defensive walls of Doura Europos Doura Europos has served as a military colony, a fortress and a caravan city, and still offers great views over the Euphrates river to the present-day visitor.
The coming of the Parthians changed Mesopotamia even less than the (...)
At the same time Alexander’s views of empire are investigated, his attitude to his subjects, and the development of his concepts of personal divinity and universal monarchy. Analogies are thus drawn with the Spanish conquest of Mexico, which has a comparable historiographical tradition and parallels many of Alexander’s dealings with his subjects. Although of concern to the specialist, this book is equally directed (...)
کوشش ارزندهای که آرمانی بنيادين دارد. آرمان و هدفِ به راه خردگرائی رهنمون شدن مردمان کشور و یا کشورهای سرزمینهای پهناور ایران، که بنا به خواست دشمن، زبان مادریشان داشت به فراموشی سپرده می شد.
مردمان پشتۀ ايران، از هر تيره و تباری، زبان پارسی را چون زبانی ملی و همگانی برگزیده بودند و به ياری آن به آسانی می توانستند از تاريکی چند سدهای بيرون بيايند و به گلستان فرهنگی خود از دريچۀ شاهکاری نوين که همان شاهنامۀ فردوسی باشد، به نيکی بنگرند و بار برگيرند.
پی بردن به (...)
Given our intimate familiarity with this hoary tale, it is remarkable how mistaken is our understanding of its origins. Common wisdom considers the legend of King Arthur to be English to the core, while scholarly tomes analyze its presumed Celtic roots. To the average person, it would seem preposterous to assert that the Arthurian cycle is fundamentally Scythian. In the first place, only the tiniest fraction of (...)
The History of Atashgah is rooted in the time of the Sassanid’s, when Zoroastrianism was the dominant religion in this region. But in 643 there was the turning point: the territory of the Caucasus was invaded by the army of the Arab Caliphate, which brought Islam to this region. Fire temples fell into decay. Some Zoroastrians, who did not accept Islam, eventually had to go to India, where the (...)
This shared ideal, while often generating conflict during the four centuries of the empires’ coexistence (224-642), also drove exchange, especially the means and methods Roman and Persian sovereigns used to project their notions of universal rule: elaborate systems of ritual and their cultures’ visual, architectural, and urban environments.
The Roman-Persian Wars have been characterized as “futile” and both too (...)
نقطۀ عطفِ تاریخِ عقبماندگی به تاریخِ نوینِ ایران، روز سوّم اسفند ماه ۱۲۹۹ خورشیدی است که سرآغاز انقراض حکومت قبیلهای و ملوکالطوایفی قارجاریه و تولد سلسلۀ مدرن پهلوی در ایران را سبب شد. از این روز و تاریخ است که کشور ایران تکانی از رخوت و از خودبیگانگی که همۀ جان و جهان و خردش را فرا گرفته بود، به خود می دهد و پای در جادۀ ترقی و پیشرفت می گذارد. دیوارهای کهنه و پوسیده را فرو می ریزد و جای آن، شالودههای بنای نوین را در عرصههای گوناگون اجتماعی پایهگذاری می کند. (...)
Mohammad-Ali Jinnah On the front page of the Time Magazine.
History repeats itself, first as a tragedy, then as a farce. We are now in the midst of the tragedy, but soon shall be overtaken by farce. But the men who are going to be hit have no idea who are behind the show and are pulling the strings.
History, as I said, repeats itself. When Shivaji Maharaj — he was not a Chhatrapati yet; that came later — (...)
Au XIXe siècle, les progrès des sciences ont ruiné ces mythes d’origine, en tout cas sous leur forme la plus naïve : les anciens nomades avaient parlé des langues iraniennes et ne pouvaient être les ancêtres principaux des Slaves historiques. Mais en même temps, linguistes et archéologues commençaient à mettre en lumière des liens bien réels, intimes et durables, entre les peuples scythiques et les ancêtres des Slaves. De ces (...)